by Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service in [Washington, DC] .
Written in English
|Series||Major studies and issue briefs of the Congressional Research Service -- 1980-81, reel 7, fr. 0541|
|Contributions||Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||41|
Today, twenty years after those seminal events, the National Security Archive is posting a series of newly declassified Soviet and U.S. documents which allow one to appreciate the depth and the speed of change occurring both inside the Soviet Union and in U.S. . The Soviet–Afghan War was a conflict wherein insurgent groups known collectively as the mujahideen, as well as smaller Maoist groups, fought a guerrilla war against the Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government for over nine years, throughout the s, mostly in the Afghan countryside. The mujahideen were backed primarily by the United States, Location: Afghanistan. U.S.-Soviet Relations, – The period – witnessed a dramatic transformation in the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union. During these years the specter of a nuclear war between the superpowers receded as the Cold War ended swiftly, nearly entirely peacefully, and on U.S. terms. Two early events increased U.S.-Soviet tensions: the suppression of the Solidarity labor movement in Poland in December , and the destruction with fatalities of an off-course civilian airliner, Korean Airlines Flight , by a Soviet jet fighter on September 1,
Washington, D.C., December 6, – On November 9, , the North Atlantic Treaty Organization launched a nuclear war against its nemesis, the Warsaw Pact, after NATO military commanders sought and received permission for “initial limited use of nuclear weapons” from the political leadership of the Western alliance. A detailed account of this horrific – if . After that, the US was seen as the most powerful nation in the world. The Soviets wanted also to own nuclear weapons. At the end of the World War II the first signs of mistrust began to appear between the US and USSR, escalating into the Cold War, a period of tense hostile relations. Washington D.C., Janu – President Trump’s claim that the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in to get rid of terrorists who were coming over the border is false, according to declassified U.S. and Soviet documents posted today by the National Security Archive at George Washington University. Just as false, according to the documents, were the . Wasington D.C., Octo -The end of the Cold War was a magical moment in international relations, which scholars and diplomats will continue to study and interpret for ages. In addition to documents declassified in the United States, Russia and other countries, memoirs of key participants shed light on crucial negotiations and turning points of U.S.-Soviet/Russian.
The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan and the U.S. Response, – At the end of December , the Soviet Union sent thousands of troops into Afghanistan and immediately assumed complete military and political control of Kabul and large portions of the country. This event began a brutal, decade-long attempt by Moscow to subdue the Afghan civil war and maintain a . The rise of China as a world power after the Cultural Revolution has created a new pattern of relations within the U.S.-Soviet-Chinese triangle in world politics. In the beginning of the s the power triangle could be analyzed in terms of relative distance from each other, with these distances representing degrees of hostility or friendliness. On the night of December 24–25, , the Soviet Army did something it had not done since The invasion of Afghanistan was the first military operation that the Soviet Union had conducted since the end of World War II designed to seize territory the Soviets had not controlled at the end of that conflict. All happy families are alike," wrote Leo Tolstoy at the beginning of Anna Karenina. "But an unhappy family is unhappy after its own fashion." A similar melancholy generalization applies to good and bad years in Soviet-American relations: the good ones are often alike in the deceptiveness of what seem to go right, while the bad ones are as varied as the possibilities .